СНБО против "Укрзализници": обвинения в коррупции связях с Ахметовым

На заседании Совет национальной безопасности и обороны был зачитан доклад СБУ по ситуации в "УЗ". Секретарь Совета Алексей Данилов пообещал радикальные изменения, в том числе и кадровые.

Несколько попыток обуздать коррупцию на железнодорожном монополисте ни к чему не привели. В конце концов власть признала свое поражение и решила подключить тяжелую артиллерию в лице Данилова. 

За последние несколько лет кадровые ротации руководства государственной компании стали нормой. При Зеленском временное руководство в "Укрзализнице" менялось уже 5 раз, а единственный полноценный глава правления продержался в кресле лишь 6 месяцев.

Теперь кресло зашаталось под и.о. Иваном Юриком, управляющего компанией с марта 2021 года. 

Доклад СБУ:

Документ на 8 страницах был подготовлен сотрудниками Службы Безопасности Украины по поручению СНБО. По сути его содержание сводится к тому, что причиной коррупции и низкой эффективности является менеджмент предприятия.

Авторы документа считают, что стабилизировать ситуацию может введение временного управляющего, не исполняющего обязанности, а нечто вроде кризис-менеджера.

При этом кадровые изменения могут коснуться не только главу и членов правления "УЗ", но и членов наблюдательного совета. В каждом из этих органов сейчас работает по 5 человек.

По словам окружения Ивана Юрика он считает, что его не уволят, поскольку не видит для этого законодательных механизмов. 

Согласно статуту "Укрзализници" уволить главу правления может только наблюдательный совет на общем собрании. 

Но, как показывает опыт смены руководства "Нафтогаза", при желании это дело нескольких часов. 

Кто возглавит "УЗ" пока не ясно. Но рассматривается вариант Александра Кубракова, который возглавлял "Укравтодор", а сейчас стал министром инфраструктуры. В этом варианте "УЗ" могут переподчинить Мининфраструктуры.

Впрочем, если кадровые вопросы крупнейших гос.предприятий выносятся на рассмотрения СНБО, то малоли какие еще сюрпризы нас подстерегают.

Что выявила СБУ

Проблемы "УЗ" вызваны 9 факторами.

Первый из это проблема с тарифами. Только манипуляции с тарифным регулированием за последние 4 года нанесли убытков почти на 100 млрд. грн!

"Дальнейшая работа компании в рамках экономически необоснованных тарифов приведет к банкротству", - считают в СБУ.

Речь из про разницу в тарифах для разных классов грузов, согласно которому перевозчиков руды по сути субсидируют за счет других грузоперевозчиков и самой "УЗ". 

Многочисленные попытки изменить сложившийся порядок неизменно останавливались лоббистами олигарха Рината Ахметова, получающего наибольшие преференции от этих тарифов. 

Вторая проблема - кредитный портфель, на сегодня составляющий 35, 8 млрд. гривен. Еще 19,1 млрд.грн "УЗ" задолжала "Донецкой железной дороге". Главный кредитор последней - дочка российского "Сбербанка". Хотя по взысканию долгов "Донецкой железной дороги" установлен мораторий.

В этом году "УЗ" должна вернуть 7,7 млрд. гривен. И это лишь тело кредита, без учета процентов.

Третий пункт - коррупция, которой долгие годы пронизана вся "Укрзализниця". И руководство зачастую ей потворствует, вместо того, чтобы с ней бороться.

По данным правоохранителей, за последние 2 года в отношении должностных лиц компании открыто 237 уголовных производств, а общая сумма убытков составила более 1 млрд. гривен.

"Должностные лица железной дороги способствуют в поставке оборудования и запчастей ненадлежащего качества и неизвестного происхождения, что приводит к разнообразным ЧПї", – говорится в документе.

Примечательно, что в середине июля глава временной комиссии Верховной Рады, созданной для проверки и оценки состояния "УЗ" Юлия Гришина оценила убытки от коррупции значительно выше.

"Убытки "Укрзалізниці" от коррупции на закупках детективы НАБУ оценили 8 миллиардов гривен за 2020 год – это 1 миллион гривен в час", – заявила Гришина.

Та же проблема и с ремонтными работами. К ним привлекают сторонние организации, завышающие объемы, хотя эти работы могли выполнить структурные подразделения "УЗ". Либо вовсе проводят ремонт лишь по документам.

Отдельным пунктом выделены манипуляции в финансовой сфере, которые не могут совершаться без содействия со стороны руководства компании.

Еще один фактор - управленческий кризис. Вопреки ожиданиям, после формирования наблюдательного совета в 2015 году наблюдается постоянное обесценивание активов "УЗ" - по 10 млрд. гривен в год. 

Кроме того, у наблюдательного совета постоянно возникают конфликты с правлением относительно развития компании и кадровой политики.

Что приводит к частой смене глав правления и членов правления, либо вообще к их длительному отсутствию.

Акцентируется внимание также на том, что на протяжении последнего года происходят постоянные и системные срывы тендерных процедур по закупке электроэнергии, необходимой для работы предприятия.При этом закупочная цена электроэнергии оказывается выше рыночной.

Как и тормозиться процесс электрификации отдельных участков железной дороги. Что вынуждает "УЗ" закупать дизтопливо у страны-агрессора, вместо того, чтобы перейти на отечественную электроэнергию.

Проблемы со скоростными и контейнерными перевозками. Высокоэффективные виды перевозок не расширяются, а для их развития не концентрируются инвестиционные ресурсы. Даже накопленные этим бизнесом деньги централизуются и теряются в общем потоке неэффективности. 

Что также приводит к потерям транзита контейнерных поездов - за первые полгода 2021 через Украину проехало в 10 раз меньше контейнерных поездов, чем через соседние страны.

Отсутствие стратегии развития информационных систем "УЗ" приводит к хаотичному внедрению IT-проектов по завышенным ценам и делает невозможным создание единого информационного пространства компании.

Отдельный раздел документа посвящен состоянию материально-технической базы. Там детально описаны проблемы, которые железная дорога накапливала годами и с каждым годом ситуация лишь ухудшалась. Изношенность тягового подвижного состава, пассажирских вагонов, критическое состояние грузового парка, проблемы в безопасности движения и взаимодействия с сотрудниками компании.

Средний уровень износа грузового парка составляет 90%! А состояние пассажирского доведено до критического. Капитального ремонта и реконструкции требуют более 11 тыс. километров железнодорожного полотна, или 31% от общей протяженности эксплуатационных колей (39,4 тыс. км.).

Комментарии

My spouse and i have been now relieved Emmanuel could conclude his homework from the precious recommendations he got in your site. It is now and again perplexing just to possibly be releasing points which often other people could have been trying to sell. And now we already know we have got the blog owner to be grateful to for that. Those explanations you have made, the simple blog menu, the friendships your site help to instill - it's mostly astonishing, and it's really aiding our son in addition to our family reckon that this content is interesting, and that is extraordinarily fundamental. Many thanks for the whole thing!
supreme clothing http://www.supremeclothing.us.org

I must show my appreciation to the writer for bailing me out of this matter. After surfing throughout the search engines and finding views which are not pleasant, I assumed my life was done. Being alive devoid of the approaches to the problems you've fixed by way of your entire article content is a crucial case, as well as the ones which may have negatively damaged my entire career if I hadn't encountered your blog post. Your personal capability and kindness in taking care of all areas was tremendous. I am not sure what I would've done if I had not encountered such a thing like this. I'm able to now look ahead to my future. Thanks for your time very much for the skilled and effective guide. I will not be reluctant to endorse the sites to anybody who desires guide about this topic.
a bathing ape http://www.bathing-ape.us

I needed to draft you the very little note to finally thank you so much the moment again about the beautiful advice you've provided on this page. This has been so seriously generous of you to allow without restraint all most people might have offered for sale for an ebook to make some profit for their own end, especially now that you might have tried it if you wanted. These guidelines likewise worked to provide a easy way to know that many people have the identical interest similar to my personal own to figure out a lot more with regard to this condition. Certainly there are several more enjoyable situations up front for individuals who examine your site.
air jordan http://www.jordanshoes.us

I have to show my appreciation for your kind-heartedness in support of persons that really want guidance on your area of interest. Your real commitment to getting the message all over had been particularly useful and has usually encouraged professionals much like me to get to their dreams. Your new interesting hints and tips implies this much to me and substantially more to my mates. Many thanks; from all of us.
off white outlet http://www.offwhites.us.com

I and also my pals were actually going through the best tips and tricks found on the blog then instantly came up with a horrible feeling I never expressed respect to the web blog owner for those tips. My guys were so warmed to study them and have now unquestionably been tapping into these things. Thanks for indeed being quite accommodating and also for opting for some perfect areas most people are really needing to understand about. Our sincere apologies for not expressing appreciation to earlier.
supreme clothing http://www.supremesonline.com

I precisely had to thank you very much yet again. I am not sure the things that I could possibly have achieved without those tricks shared by you directly on my subject matter. This has been an absolute frustrating matter in my circumstances, but taking a look at your professional style you solved that forced me to weep over fulfillment. I'm happier for your advice and believe you realize what an amazing job you're getting into educating other individuals via your websites. More than likely you've never met any of us.
kawhi leonard shoes http://www.kawhileonardshoes.us

I definitely wanted to send a quick message to thank you for some of the amazing tricks you are writing at this website. My prolonged internet lookup has at the end of the day been recognized with extremely good details to write about with my family. I would assume that most of us site visitors actually are very much endowed to dwell in a great site with so many awesome people with great basics. I feel really lucky to have come across your webpage and look forward to plenty of more excellent moments reading here. Thanks a lot once more for all the details.
lebron shoes http://www.lebron18.us

I enjoy you because of your entire effort on this web site. Debby delights in getting into investigation and it's easy to understand why. All of us learn all about the compelling ways you give functional guidelines on the web site and as well foster response from people on that concept then our favorite girl has always been becoming educated a great deal. Have fun with the remaining portion of the new year. You're the one conducting a powerful job.
retro jordans http://www.retro-jordans.us.com

Needed to draft you a bit of remark to say thanks a lot as before for the pretty thoughts you have documented above. This is quite shockingly generous with people like you in giving unreservedly just what many individuals might have made available as an e book to make some dough for their own end, especially now that you could possibly have done it in case you decided. Those solutions additionally worked like the good way to be sure that the rest have the identical desire like my personal own to understand a good deal more on the subject of this matter. I believe there are numerous more pleasant times in the future for folks who looked over your site.
air jordan http://www.airjordansstore.com

I simply needed to appreciate you all over again. I am not sure what I could possibly have worked on without the actual strategies contributed by you directly on such question. It has been a real frustrating matter in my opinion, but considering a specialized manner you managed it took me to cry with happiness. Now i'm grateful for the support and believe you comprehend what an amazing job you have been doing educating most people all through your web page. I am certain you have never encountered any of us.
golden goose outlet http://www.goldengooseoutletstore.com

My wife and i have been really ecstatic that Raymond could conclude his preliminary research through the entire ideas he made from your very own weblog. It is now and again perplexing to simply possibly be offering guides which people today have been selling. And we also consider we have got the writer to be grateful to for that. The main explanations you have made, the simple site navigation, the relationships your site make it easier to promote - it's got mostly extraordinary, and it's letting our son and our family reason why that matter is cool, and that's unbelievably serious. Thank you for the whole thing!
supreme sweatshirt http://www.supremeshirt.us.com

I must show some appreciation to the writer for bailing me out of such a situation. As a result of checking through the search engines and obtaining proposals which were not productive, I believed my life was over. Being alive minus the approaches to the problems you've fixed all through your good blog post is a serious case, as well as the ones which may have in a negative way affected my entire career if I had not come across your site. That skills and kindness in taking care of the whole thing was invaluable. I'm not sure what I would have done if I hadn't encountered such a thing like this. It's possible to at this point look forward to my future. Thanks for your time so much for your high quality and sensible guide. I will not be reluctant to suggest your site to anybody who would like guidance on this subject.
golden goose sneakers http://www.goldengoosesonline.com

I definitely wanted to develop a simple remark to say thanks to you for those remarkable tips and hints you are giving out at this site. My long internet search has finally been compensated with good information to exchange with my two friends. I 'd suppose that most of us site visitors actually are unequivocally lucky to exist in a really good website with very many lovely people with helpful advice. I feel truly blessed to have encountered the website and look forward to really more pleasurable minutes reading here. Thanks once again for everything.
supreme clothing http://www.supremenewyork.us.com

I wanted to construct a brief message to be able to say thanks to you for all the awesome points you are showing here. My time intensive internet research has at the end been compensated with pleasant tips to exchange with my co-workers. I would mention that many of us visitors actually are undeniably endowed to exist in a really good site with many special professionals with valuable tips and hints. I feel really blessed to have come across the website page and look forward to some more fabulous moments reading here. Thank you again for a lot of things.
jordan 13 http://www.jordan13.us.com

Thank you so much for giving everyone a very marvellous opportunity to read critical reviews from this web site. It is often very cool and also stuffed with a lot of fun for me personally and my office mates to visit your blog on the least three times in a week to find out the new tips you have got. And definitely, I'm also at all times fascinated with your sensational points you serve. Selected 4 areas in this posting are surely the most impressive we have had.
kyrie 6 http://www.kyrie6.org

My wife and i ended up being so thankful when Peter could finish up his researching using the precious recommendations he was given out of the weblog. It is now and again perplexing to just always be releasing secrets and techniques that many some people might have been making money from. And we all take into account we have the writer to thank for this. The illustrations you've made, the straightforward web site navigation, the friendships you will assist to engender - it's all awesome, and it's really making our son and the family know that this article is exciting, which is certainly rather pressing. Thank you for the whole lot!
supreme hoodie http://www.supremeshoodie.com

Thanks a lot for providing individuals with a very wonderful opportunity to check tips from this web site. It really is very enjoyable and jam-packed with amusement for me personally and my office friends to search your blog at least 3 times in a week to see the latest stuff you will have. And definitely, I'm also always motivated with your awesome points you give. Some 1 ideas on this page are truly the most beneficial we've had.
off white jordan 1 http://www.offwhitexjordan1.com

Thank you for all of your labor on this web page. My mother take interest in getting into research and it's really easy to see why. My spouse and i learn all of the lively form you render invaluable secrets by means of the website and as well as improve response from people on that idea and our favorite daughter is without a doubt learning a whole lot. Enjoy the rest of the year. You're the one doing a very good job.
air jordan http://www.jordanstoreonline.com

I simply had to thank you very much once more. I am not sure the things I would've used without the tactics shared by you on such a area. It was actually the hard difficulty in my opinion, but noticing your specialised avenue you treated the issue made me to cry for joy. Now i am thankful for the support and as well , hope that you find out what a great job you have been doing teaching men and women via your web page. I am sure you've never got to know all of us.
yeezy http://www.yeezy-shoes.us.org

Needed to draft you that little bit of remark to finally thank you so much once again about the pretty ideas you have featured on this page. This has been so remarkably generous with people like you to convey extensively all a lot of people could have made available as an ebook to get some cash for themselves, principally considering that you might have tried it if you decided. Those secrets also acted as the great way to know that most people have a similar desire similar to my very own to understand significantly more concerning this matter. I am certain there are a lot more enjoyable sessions up front for many who examine your site.
kd13 http://www.kd13shoes.us

My spouse and i got absolutely fulfilled when Edward could deal with his survey using the ideas he came across out of your web page. It's not at all simplistic just to possibly be freely giving techniques which usually people have been selling. Therefore we see we now have the website owner to be grateful to for that. Those explanations you have made, the simple site menu, the relationships you will make it possible to promote - it's everything powerful, and it's really helping our son and the family recognize that the issue is amusing, which is really essential. Thank you for all the pieces!
golden goose outlet http://www.goldengooseoutletonline.us.com

I needed to post you that very little observation in order to give many thanks as before considering the stunning information you've discussed on this website. This has been quite incredibly open-handed with you to grant unhampered all a number of people might have sold for an electronic book to end up making some bucks for themselves, specifically seeing that you might well have tried it if you decided. The good tips additionally served as a great way to know that other individuals have a similar fervor just as my very own to grasp much more with reference to this problem. I am sure there are some more pleasant occasions ahead for people who scan your site.
kd 12 http://www.kd12.org

I want to express my appreciation to this writer just for rescuing me from this difficulty. Because of searching through the the net and meeting ideas that were not beneficial, I assumed my life was over. Being alive without the approaches to the problems you've solved through your posting is a crucial case, and ones that could have negatively damaged my entire career if I hadn't discovered your web page. The ability and kindness in maneuvering the whole lot was helpful. I am not sure what I would've done if I had not come across such a subject like this. It's possible to now relish my future. Thank you so much for this skilled and amazing guide. I will not hesitate to suggest the blog to anyone who should get guidance on this situation.
golden goose sneakers http://www.goldengoosesneakers.us.org

My wife and i ended up being so cheerful when Peter could finish up his researching with the ideas he had through the web pages. It's not at all simplistic to simply be freely giving thoughts some others might have been selling. And we all recognize we now have the writer to thank for that. The entire explanations you made, the simple web site navigation, the friendships you make it possible to foster - it is all great, and it is making our son and the family feel that that subject matter is exciting, which is certainly wonderfully mandatory. Many thanks for everything!
golden goose shoes http://www.goldengoose-shoes.us.com

I simply wanted to thank you very much once more. I am not sure what I would've achieved without those techniques contributed by you about such area of interest. This has been an absolute troublesome case in my opinion, but encountering a skilled avenue you handled the issue forced me to jump over delight. I am happier for your information and thus have high hopes you realize what a great job that you are putting in educating the mediocre ones through the use of your web site. Most likely you've never got to know all of us.
supreme clothing http://www.supremeclothings.us.com

Добавить комментарий

Ограниченный HTML

  • Допустимые HTML-теги: <a href hreflang> <em> <strong> <cite> <blockquote cite> <code> <ul type> <ol start type> <li> <dl> <dt> <dd> <h2 id> <h3 id> <h4 id> <h5 id> <h6 id>
  • Строки и абзацы переносятся автоматически.
  • Адреса веб-страниц и email-адреса преобразовываются в ссылки автоматически.