В особенно жаркие летние дни возникает не только связанный с этим явлением дискомфорт, но и опасность солнечного удара. Полезную информацию о том, как защитить свой организм во время жары опубликовали на сайте Запорожского горсовета.
Итак, особенно жаркие дни, за счет нагревания и расширения сосудов кожи, ухудшается кровоснабжение головного мозга и сердца. Возникает кислородное голодание, что приводит последовательно к частому сердцебиению и дыханию, а также головной боли, слабости, тошноте, рвоте и нередко к потере сознания.
Чтобы избежать перегревания организма, медики советуют придерживаться следующих правил:
В жару необходимо отказаться от сладких напитков в пользу не газированной минеральной воды. Пить необходимо не менее 1,5-2-х литров в день.
Также врачи советуют горячий зеленый чай - высокая температура напитка заставляет организм потеть. Испаряясь с поверхности кожи, влага уносит с собой часть тепла, и в результате происходит охлаждение организма. В жаркие дни необходимо с осторожностью принимать некоторые лекарственные препараты, которые могут ухудшить физическое состояние, вызвать ощущение усталости и спровоцировать тепловой удар. Употребление алкоголя также очень нежелательно.
Кроме того, врачи советуют планировать прогулки по улице до 11 утра или после 18 вечера, чаще держать руки под проточной водой и ополаскивать лицо. В летнее время лучше носить одежду светлых тонов. Она отражает солнечные лучи. Защиту организма от перегрева обеспечивают тень, темные солнцезащитные очки, одежда из натуральных тканей, широкополые шляпы, панамы, платки, полностью закрывающие голову от солнечных лучей.
При использовании косметики, лучше выбирать кремы на водной основе, отражающие ультрафиолет с фактором защиты 15 и выше, не препятствующие дыханию кожи. Наносить их необходимо на открытые участки повторно каждые 2 часа или после работы, плавания, игр или упражнений на открытом воздухе. Особо следует заботиться о детях - они должны всегда оставаться в тени.
В случае появления симптомов перегрева на солнце необходимо перенести пострадавшего в тень, обеспечив к нему доступ свежего воздуха, освободить от одежды затрудняющей дыхание, напоить не газированной водой, охладить организм, обернув мокрым полотенцем или побрызгать водой. Если человек без сознания – сразу проверить дыхание и пульс, а при их отсутствии сделать искусственное дыхание и вызвать скорую помощь.
Во всех случаях перегревания организма необходимо обращаться к врачу.
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